Medical, Health & Life Sciences

Medical, Health & Life Sciences
  • Are you passionate about helping people?
  • Are you interested in the human body?
  • Are you interested in medicine?
If you said YES to ONE of these questions – this job sector may interest you. Careers and jobs under Medical, Health & Life Sciences are extremely varied. From medicine, to medical engineering to alternative therapies, this sector is for almost anyone who is interested in the human body:
  • how it works
  • how it can go wrong
  • things that can be done to restore health
Careers in medicine are highly respected. People working in this sector study hard, work hard and generally find the work extremely rewarding. If you want more information about careers in Medical, Health & Life Sciences, click on the different sectors on the left (or below) to find different and interesting job descriptions.   Photo Montage above -  credits to: Syringe & Pills, Hands in Ear, Stethoscope, Graph, Operation - photos from Free Downloads    

Job descriptions

Click on any of the below sub categories for Medical, Health & Life Sciences to view all the Job descriptions


An Acupuncturist practices acupuncture by placing sterilised needles into the patient’s body in specific areas. These needles are only inserted a couple of mm. Acupuncturists work on humans and animals.

Anaesthetic Technician

An Anaesthetic Technician is a health care professional. They assist Anaesthetists, nurses and surgeons during an operation. The Anaesthetic Technician prepares all the equipment and supplies that the Anaesthetist will need to sedate and monitor the patient during the operation.


An Anaesthetist is a medical doctor who then specialises in anaesthesiology, intensive care medicine and pain management. They give local and general anaesthetics to people before, during and after they undergo a medical procedure, such as surgery.


An Audiologist is a professional healthcare worker who deals with children and adults to diagnose, evaluate, treat and assist those with hearing loss and other related issues.

Auxiliary Nurse

Auxiliary Nursing is an entry-level qualification into nursing. Auxiliary Nurses carry out basic nursing procedures and take care of patients on a less specialized level under the supervision of a registered nurse.

Ayurvedic Practitioner

An Ayurvedic Practitioner tries to harmonise the functioning of the body, mind and spirit of their patients. They compounds made of herbs, oils, minerals and metals to mix into medicine to treat ailments and to reduce impurities in the body.


‘Biokinetics is defined as the science of movement and the application of exercise in rehabilitative treatment or performance.’ – Biokinetics Association of South Africa. A Biokineticist is a specialist who is recognised by and registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa.

Biomedical Engineer

Biomedical Engineers are employed in the medical industry. They use a combination of knowledge of biology, medicine, technology and mechanical engineering in their job. Biomedical Engineers research and develop and design new medical equipment and instruments.

Biomedical Engineering Technician

A Biomedical Engineering Technicians work in a team alongside Biomedical Engineers. They help Biomedical Engineering Technicians help design and develop a great variety of medical equipment and instruments.


Biophysicists study life on every level including the biology and physics of cells, organisms and environments. They use methods of mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology to study how living organisms work. They usually work in teams with different kinds of scientists to solve problems.


A Biotechnologist is a scientist. Their main job is to study the characteristics of cells in living organisms then modify them for product development or scientific research. They can work in industries like: Medical, Manufacturing, Agriculture and Academia.

Cardiac Technician

A Cardiac Technician assists Cardiologists. They conduct tests on patients using specialised equipment to help diagnose, monitor and treat heart disease.


A Cardiologist is a specialised doctor who diagnoses and treats ailments of the heart. To become a Cardiologist you need to be highly intelligent and dedicated to your career.

Chemical Pathologist

If you have a medical degree, you might consider a career in pathology. A Chemical Pathologist studies diseases in humans and animals. They work in a laboratory. Some Chemical Pathologists also teach students in universities.

Child Psychologist

A Child Psychologist focuses on the world that children find themselves living in. Whether it’s child rape or neglect, it is the Child Psychologist who works with the child to help them overcome the trauma. It is important as a Child Psychologist to be able to calm children in order to earn their trust and enable them to discuss their trauma.


A Chiropractor is an alternative health care professional. They can diagnose and treat patients with neuro-muscular health problems. They carefully manipulate (move) the bones and muscles with their hands to help the patient.

Clinical Biochemist

A Clinical Biochemist studies our body chemistry. Biochemistry also falls into the area of pathology. Clinical Biochemists carry out complex analytical studies by analysing the results of the patient’s specimens (samples). They can, with very modern technology and equipment, detect changes in the chemistry of our body fluids.

Clinical Nurse Practitioner

A Clinical Nurse Practitioner is a specialised nurse who provides advanced nursing care to patients.This care could cover: Ordering diagnostic tests, health assessments, patient care management etc.

Clinical Psychologist

As a Clinical Psychologist, you would work with people with psychological difficulties such as anxiety, depression, phobias, eating disorders or relationship problems. You could specialise in work with a particular group, such as children, young offenders or older adults.


Counsellors work in many different fields. Counsellors help people or groups of people to understand their problems and work towards setting goals and solutions for these problems. Counsellors assist people to manage their lives better, to instil confidence and give them the emotional tools to cope.

Dental Assistants

A Dental Assistant’s job is to help the dentist perform efficient and safe dental procedures while they examine and treat patients. They are also in charge of cleaning and sterilizing dental instruments and preparing patients for the dentist.

Dental Oral Hygienist

A Dental Hygienist / Oral Hygienist (in a nutshell) cleans teeth and gums and promotes general oral health care. They perform non-invasive dental procedures to prevent cavities and tooth decay. They usually work alongside or in collaboration with dentists.

Dental Specialists

A Dental Specialist is a dentist who has specialised in a particular dental field. For example: Community Dentistry Specialist, Dental / Oral Surgeon, Endodontist, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Oral Pathologist, Orthodontist, Paedodontist, Periodontist, Prosthodontist and Stomatologist etc.

Dental Technician

Dental Technicians can also be called Dental Ceramists. They are qualified people who make and repair dental items such as dentures, bridges, crowns, fillings, braces and other orthodontic correctional devices. Dental Technicians follow prescriptive directions from a dentist and do not deal with patients directly.

Dental Therapist

A Dental Therapist offers basic dental services and preventative dentistry. They would refer more complicated procedures and treatments to a dentist. Dental Therapists may not practise independently unless they have practised for at least one year under the control and supervision of a qualified dentist.


Dentists examine, diagnose and treat gum disease and injuries. In some cases they will fit dental appliances and provide on-going preventative care.


A Dermatologist has studied medicine and has specialised in the field of Dermatology (the study of the skin and skin diseases, including the scalp, hair and nails).

Dialysis Technician

A Dialysis Technician is a trained professional who sets up and operates the haemodialysis machine. This is a very responsible job. Dialysis in a procedure that patients with kidney problem have to go through. This procedure done with a specialised machine that purifies the blood.


A Dietitian is a medical health care professional who is regulated by law and holds a degree in dietetics. They work closely with doctors and generally assist patients who are suffering from: diabetes, obesity, anorexia, bulimia and high cholesterol etc.

Emergency Medicine Specialist

An Emergency Medicine Specialist is specialised doctor who treats patients with acute illnesses or emergency injuries. These specialists can be on call day and night. They have to think quickly on their feet, be calm in a stressful situation and extremely confident.

First Aid Attendant

A First Aid Attendant is the person who give immediate assistance to a patient who suffering from a sudden dose of illness or an injury. They are usually one of the first on the scene. A First Aid Attendant needs to remain calm and organised at all times.

Forensic Analyst (Biology)

Do you watch CSI? Do you watch Law and Order? Forensic Analysts (BIOLOGY) usually work on crime scenes. They analyse the biological evidence by studying DNA – human or animal tissue, hair, dental records, fluids like blood and saliva etc. They can also analyse plant samples.

Forensic Analyst (Chemistry)

Forensic Analysts (CHEMISTRY) examine objects from fires, toxicological and drug related investigations. They are also responsible for removing and disposing of hazardous chemicals and waste from a crime scene.

Forensic Technician

A Forensic Technician may also be called a criminalist. They specialise in collecting physical evidence from crime scenes. Forensic Technicians work alongside forensic scientists in a laboratory.


Do you have a love of the Sciences and Mathematics? Does working in a laboratory doing research appeal to you. Why not consider a career in Genetics. Geneticists are specialists in biological science relating to the plant, animal and human genetics.


Completed your General Medical Degree? Consider becoming a gynaecologist. Gynaecology deals with the science of the physiological functions and diseases of women and young girls, especially those that affect the reproductive system and the urogential system.


Does developing a cure or treatment to improve the quality of life of someone suffering from a disease interest you? Immunologists study harmful organisms like viruses, bacteria or parasites that get into the body. With this knowledge they try to find treatments and cures for diseases, disorders and ailments.

Industrial Psychologist

Industrial Psychologists usually work in the workplace. They are found in the HR department. They generally focus their attention to workers personalities and performances or the relationships between staff members.


An Iridologist uses alternative medical techniques. They look at the patterns and colours of the iris (eye) to diagnose patient’s problems.


A Kinesiologist specialises in the ‘mechanics’ of the human body. By studying the musculoskeletal system they can determine which parts are working well and which are not. They will then design movement-programmes to help assist the patient recover or assist them.

Life Science Technician

A Life Science Technician studies organisms to try and improve our quality of life. They could develop a cure or improve the quality of food we eat or develop ways of preventing the extinction of certain animals, etc.

Life Scientist

A Life Scientist studies organisms to try and improve our quality of life. They could develop a cure or improve the quality of food we eat or develop ways of preventing the extinction of certain animals, etc.

Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists

A Medical or Clinical Laboratory Technologist works in a laboratory. They work alongside pathologists and conduct tests and experiments to provide information to the doctors and specialists. Medical or Clinical Laboratory Technologists play an important role in the prevention and diagnosis of diseases, such as cancer, diabetes and AIDS.

Medical Doctor

Medical Doctors are on the ‘SCARCE & CRITICAL SKILLS LIST’. A Medical Doctor (GP) is a highly skilled, primary health care professional. They are usually the first person a patient sees when they have a medical problem.

Medical Physicist

Does Medical Research appeal to you? Does the world of Physics appeal to you? A Medical Physicist works towards treating diseases and improving health care, by applying physics to medicine.

Medical Scientist

A Medical Scientist works in a laboratory. They perform laboratory tests and experiments to help the diagnosis and prevention of diseases. Medical Scientists can specialise in various fields.

Medical Secretary

A Medical Secretary is usually the ‘face’ of the practice and the first person a patient sees when arriving for their appointment. Medical Secretaries have the very important job fo making sure the practice is in good running order and that everything runs smoothly and effectively.

Medical Transcriptionist

Medical transcription is the process where a person, a Medical Transcriptionist, accurately and swiftly transcribes (converts) medical records dictated by medical professionals into text documents.


Microbiologists are scientists. They study micro-organisms. Microbiologists use their extensive knowledge of anatomy, physiology and genetics to improve the quality of life of human beings. Microbiologists usually work with organisms such as bacteria, fungi and viruses.


A Midwife is a specialised nurse who provides help and advice to women during pregnancy, labour and postnatal care. They can work for themselves assisting home births or work in hospitals, communities, clinics or in mobile health units. Midwives are in demand!

Molecular Biologist

Microbiology is a a mixture of chemistry and biology. A Molecular Biologist studies the structure, purpose and interaction of cellular systems in the body.


What is a Naturopath? A Naturopath uses natural therapies to treat health problems.

Nuclear Medical Technologist

The main job of a Nuclear Medical Technologist is to give radioactive drugs to patients help doctors determine the nature of the patient’s sickness. They are often found in cancer units. This is a very responsible job.

Nuclear Medicine Technologist

The main job of a Nuclear Medical Technologist is to give radioactive drugs to patients help doctors determine the nature of the patient’s sickness. They are often found in cancer units. This is a very responsible job.


A Nutritionist advises and plans nutrition programmes for individuals, schools, hospitals, and other institutions. They help prevent and treat illnesses by promoting healthy eating habits and suggesting diet changes.

Occupational Therapist

Occupational Therapists (OT) treat patients with physical or mental disabilities, developmental or learning problems using a combination of physical and mental exercises and activities – empowering them to be as independent as possible, and experience dignity and quality of life.


An Opthalmologist is a specialist ‘eye doctor’ who deals with anything to do with the eye. This may include the eyeball, eyelids, parts of the brain and anything else that is related to the eye. Some Opthalmologists perform surgery.

Optical Mechanic / Technician

This is an eye-catching job! It’s very rewarding too as you’re helping people with impaired vision see again. If you’re good with your hands and see yourself making up glasses and contact lenses – then this may be the perfect job for you!

Optician (Dispensing)

Dispensing Opticians are health care professionals who design, measure, fit, and adapt lenses and frames for client according to prescriptions from ophthalmologists and optometrists.


Optometrists are primary health care specialists who examine eyes, diagnoses and treats vision ailments. Eye examinations are conducted to measure how well one can see and if there are any signs of sight deterioration. Optometrists make recommendations how to improve or prevent sight loss.


Paediatricians are medical doctors who specialise in diagnosing and treating illnesses, injuries and promoting the physical, mental and psychological health of children from birth to adolescence.

Paramedical Practitioner

A Paramedical Practitioner is described as being halfway between a Resident Medical Doctor and a Primary Health Care Nurse. They are there to assist the medical teams.


A Pathologist works in laboratory. They perform tests on samples of tissue, blood and body secretions to determine illness or disease. These samples can be from live people. A Forensic Pathologist will use samples from corpses to determine cause of death or to determine whether the person was murdered.

Pharmaceutical Technician

Pharmacist Technicians (or Pharmacist Assistants) are in demand. Pharmacist Technicians usually work in a pharmacy and are mainly responsible for dispensing medicines under the careful supervision of a qualified pharmacist.


Pharmacists are in demand. Pharmacists are the link between pharmaceutical companies and medical, prescribing practitioners. The main task is to prepare and supply safe medicinal products for the prevention or cure of disease, pain relief etc, in people and animals.

Pharmacy Sales Assistant

A Pharmacy Sales Assistant works in a chemist or pharmacy. They are responsible for assisting customers and giving excellent customer service. They help sell toiletries, cosmetics, and other items found in a pharmacy.


Phlebotomist (pronounced flee-bot-o-mist) – A Phlebotomist is a trained and skilled healthcare assistant/technician. Their main job is to collect blood (and other fluids) from patients for testing in laboratories. This is your chance to enter the sector of medicine.


A Physiologist generally works in a field of medicine. They are not doctors but researchers. They work mostly in laboratories. They may work with some patients if they are testing a certain medicine or disease.


Physiotherapists treat people with a range of physical difficulties which may be caused by accidents, disability, illness or ageing. They work with patients to maximise the range of movement they experience and to promote health and wellbeing.


Podiatrists are highly trained medical professionals. Podiatrists treat lower-leg conditions such as knock-knees, inwardly turned feet, skin infections, diabetes, arthritis, circulation problems, and sports injuries. They also treat foot and leg disorders in children, older people, or disabled people.

Professional Nurse & Midwife

A Professional Nurse & Midwife has completed a Bachelor’s degree in Nursing & Midwifery. They can work in hospitals, communities, clinics and in general practice. They are caring and hard working people.

Professional Nurse & Midwife

A Professional Nurse & Midwife has completed a Bachelor’s degree in Nursing & Midwifery. They can work in hospitals, communities, clinics and in general practice. They are caring and hard working people.


The main difference between a Psychologist and a Psychiatrist is that a Psychiatrist can prescribe drugs to help the patient with their problem and a Psychologist may not. A Psychiatrist diagnoses and treats children and adults who suffer from mental or emotional or behavioural problems.


Are you interested in human behaviour? Are you intelligent? Are you open minded? Caring? If you said YES to these 3 questions – Have you thought of becoming a PSYCHOLOGIST? Psychology is a very wide subject. There are many career paths in psychology.


A Psychometrist conducts and interprets Psychometric tests. A psychometric test is usually used in the HR department or during the recruitment process. It’s an efficient way to learn about the candidate’s personality and way of thinking.


A Radiographer may also be called an X-ray Technician. Radiographers use very sophisticated, high-tech equipment. They X-ray the patient’s body and then send the images to the Radiologist to ‘read’ so that they can determine what treatment is required for the patient.


A Radiologist is a specialised medical doctor who analyses and interprets medical images like MRI’s, CT scans, Ultrasounds and X-rays etc. Even though the Radiographer takes the images, the Radiologist still needs to know and understand how to operate all the equipment.

Speech Therapist

A Speech Therapist helps people (young and old) with speech and language disorders. Speech Therapists often work with children who develop speech impediments (problems) like lisping and stuttering as well as helping people who have suffered from strokes or brain damage.

Sports Massage Therapist

A Sports Massage Therapist is a person trained in treating injuries and well as implementing preventative treatments with regard to muscle health, connective tissues, symmetry, balance, posture, toning and range of movement throughout the body.

Sports Psychologist

A Sports Psychologist is a licensed mental health professional. They work with athletes from all sport disciplines, age groups and skill levels. They identify the team’s or individual’s challenges, work through difficult times and set goals.

Staff Nurse

Did you know both men and women can become Nurses? … and Nurses are in demand! Staff Nurses assist doctors with medical procedures and taking care of patients. Staff Nurses take care of the sick, injured and the weak and are involved in health guidance and counseling.


A Surgeon is a doctor who specialises in performing surgery to prevent the spread of disease, to correct deformities, to repair injuries and to improve body functions. Patients are referred by general practitioners and specialists.


Toxicologists are in demand! A Toxicologist is a specialised scientist who can identify, control and prevent the effects of chemicals on human, animal or agricultural health. They can assist doctors to make diagnoses so that the doctor can recommend treatment.